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Kafka (KRaft)

Since testcontainers-go v0.24.0


The Testcontainers module for KRaft: Apache Kafka Without ZooKeeper.

Adding this module to your project dependencies

Please run the following command to add the Kafka module to your Go dependencies:

go get

Usage example

ctx := context.Background()

kafkaContainer, err := kafka.RunContainer(ctx,
if err != nil {

// Clean up the container after
defer func() {
    if err := kafkaContainer.Terminate(ctx); err != nil {

Module reference

The Kafka module exposes one entrypoint function to create the Kafka container, and this function receives two parameters:

func RunContainer(ctx context.Context, opts ...testcontainers.ContainerCustomizer) (*KafkaContainer, error)
  • context.Context, the Go context.
  • testcontainers.ContainerCustomizer, a variadic argument for passing options.

Container Options

When starting the Kafka container, you can pass options in a variadic way to configure it.


If you need to set a different Kafka Docker image, you can use testcontainers.WithImage with a valid Docker image for Kafka. E.g. testcontainers.WithImage("confluentinc/confluent-local:7.5.0").


The minimal required version of Kafka for KRaft mode is confluentinc/confluent-local:7.4.0. If you are using an image that is different from the official one, please make sure that it's compatible with KRaft mode, as the module won't check the version for you.

Init script

The Kafka container will be started using a custom shell script:

    starterScriptContent = `#!/bin/bash
source /etc/confluent/docker/bash-config
echo Starting Kafka KRaft mode
sed -i '/KAFKA_ZOOKEEPER_CONNECT/d' /etc/confluent/docker/configure
echo 'kafka-storage format --ignore-formatted -t "$(kafka-storage random-uuid)" -c /etc/kafka/' >> /etc/confluent/docker/configure
echo '' > /etc/confluent/docker/ensure

Environment variables

The environment variables that are already set by default are:

"KAFKA_LISTENERS":                                "PLAINTEXT://,BROKER://,CONTROLLER://",
"KAFKA_BROKER_ID":                                "1",
"KAFKA_LOG_FLUSH_INTERVAL_MESSAGES":              fmt.Sprintf("%d", math.MaxInt64),
"KAFKA_NODE_ID":                                  "1",
"KAFKA_PROCESS_ROLES":                            "broker,controller",

Wait Strategies

If you need to set a different wait strategy for the container, you can use testcontainers.WithWaitStrategy with a valid wait strategy.


The default deadline for the wait strategy is 60 seconds.

At the same time, it's possible to set a wait strategy and a custom deadline with testcontainers.WithWaitStrategyAndDeadline.

Startup Commands

  • Not available until the next release of testcontainers-go main

Testcontainers exposes the WithStartupCommand(e ...Executable) option to run arbitrary commands in the container right after it's started.


To better understand how this feature works, please read the Create containers: Lifecycle Hooks documentation.

It also exports an Executable interface, defining one single method: AsCommand(), which returns a slice of strings to represent the command and positional arguments to be executed in the container.

You could use this feature to run a custom script, or to run a command that is not supported by the module right after the container is started.

Docker type modifiers

If you need an advanced configuration for the container, you can leverage the following Docker type modifiers:

  • testcontainers.WithConfigModifier
  • testcontainers.WithHostConfigModifier
  • testcontainers.WithEndpointSettingsModifier

Please read the Create containers: Advanced Settings documentation for more information.

Container Methods

The Kafka container exposes the following methods:


The Brokers(ctx) method returns the Kafka brokers as a string slice, containing the host and the random port defined by Kafka's public port (9093/tcp).

brokers, err := kafkaContainer.Brokers(ctx)